Engineering has been an aspect of life since the beginnings of human existence in Egypt and Mesopotamia. One of the oldest engineering disciplines after military engineering, Civil engineers are responsible for designing and supervising the construction of roads, buildings, airports, tunnels, bridges, and water supply and sewage systems. Civil engineering takes place on many levels as they must consider many factors in the design process from the construction costs and expected lifetime of a project to government regulations and potential environmental hazards such as earthquakes and hurricanes.
The practice of civil engineering is broad and diverse, ranging from structural, water resources, construction, transportation, and geotechnical engineering. Many civil engineers hold supervisory or administrative positions, from supervisor of a construction site to city engineer. Others may work in design, construction, research, and teaching.
Education and Training
Civil engineers typically possess a bachelors degree with a major in civil engineering. The length of study for such a degree is usually three to five years and the completed degree is usually designated as a Bachelor of Engineering (although some universities designate the degree as a Bachelor of Science).
All 50 States and the District of Columbia require licensure for engineers who offer their services directly to the public. Engineers who are licensed are called professional engineers (PEs). This licensure generally requires a degree from an ABET-accredited engineering program, 4 years of relevant work experience, and completion of a State examination.
Founded in 1852, the American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE) represents 130,000 members of the civil engineering profession worldwide, and is America's oldest national engineering society. ASCE's vision is to position engineers as global leaders building a better quality of life.